Join our Nursing Review Community! Subscribe below. Its Free!

Join NurseReview.Org Community!

Get Connected With Other Nurses All Over The World! Its Free!! Enter your email to receive the Nursing Board Exam NLE Quick Result!


         Nursing Board Exam Result Subscribers PRC December NLE Quick Results Subscription

NurseReview.Org helps nurses all over the world keep in touch with each other. We provide an interactive environment where nurses can share their experience, ask questions regarding issues, provide assistance, etc.

If you want to be informed through email regarding NLE RESULTS, Nursing News, Retrogression Updates, New Nursing Board Exam Question & Answer, Latest Updates Regarding Nclex, please subscribe to us by filling in your email address above.

NOTE: You email address will be kept private and will not be distributed to spammers.
com/albums/dd234/jben501/philippinenurses/need_help_nursing.jpg" border="0" width="400" height="400" />

Monday, May 5, 2008

Isolation Nursing Precautions

If you're new here, you may want to subscribe to our RSS feed. One advantage of subscribing to RSS feeds is that you don't have to constantly re-visit this site to check for updates within specific sections you might be interested in because your browser or Feed reader will do this for you automatically on a regular basis plus you can even get email notification. Thank you so much. Enjoy!

Isolation Nursing Precautions Slide Transcript
Slide 1: Isolation Class 10 Last Class

Slide 2: Preventing the spread of infection • What do we do when a client has a highly infectious disease?

Slide 3: Specific Infection Control Policies • Isolation – the principle is to create a physical barrier that prevents the transfer of microorganisms.

Slide 4: What are appropriate barriers? Depending on - • Organism Transmission • Airborne • Vehicle • Contact • Direct • Indirect • Droplet

Slide 5: Types of Barriers • PPE (personal protective equipment) • Gowns • Gloves • Masks • Eyewear

Slide 6: • Each institution is required to have infection control policies and guidelines.

Slide 7: What about when we don’t know? • 3 systems • Universal precautions • Body substance precautions • Standard precautions

Slide 8: Precautions to guard against the unknown • Apply to everyone • General public • May or may not carry an infection

Slide 9: History Lesson • Initially concerned with patient to patient • Followed by concern for health care professionals • 1970 – Hepatitis B • 1987 – HIV • Universal precautions by Center for Disease Control (CDC)

Slide 10: Universal precautions Stated : All blood & body flds should be treated as potentially infectious.

Slide 11: Body Substance Isolation (BSI) • Infection control practitioners in Seattle and SanDiego • Canada adopted policy but renamed it Body Substance Precautions (BSP)

Slide 12: Standard Precautions • 1996- newest guidelines by CDC combined the major features of universal precautions & BSP

Slide 13: 2 Tier System • 1996 CDC new guidelines

Slide 14: 1st Tier – Standard Precautions • Most important • Universal precautions + BSP • Applies to everyone • Primary strategies for prevention of infection • Standard precautions • Blood, body flds., nonintact skin, mucus membranes

Slide 15: 2nd Tier • Specific infections/diagnosis • Droplet, airborne, contact with contaminated surface

Slide 16: 3 Types Transmission Based Precautions • Airborne, droplet, contact • Some infections combination (chicken pox) • These extra precautions are in addition to Standard Precautions

Slide 17: Airborne • Travels on small particles • Air currents • Portal of entry – nose, mouth, mucus membranes • Measles, chicken pox, TB

Slide 18: Requirements for Airborne • Negative pressure room – door closed • TB = HEPA filter • Do not enter if not immune to measles/chickenpox • Client wears mask when required to leave room

Slide 19: Droplet • Large droplets of moisture • Coughing, sneezing, talking • Travels 3 ft. or less • Enters nose / mouth • Mumps, pertusis, influenza • Private room • Staff regular mask for 3 ft. • Client mask for transport

Slide 20: Contact • Dry skin to dry skin = Direct • Dry skin to object = Indirect • Impetigo, herpes zoster, scabies • Gloves – for direct care or touching anything in the room • Private room or semi if cohort has same diagnosis

Slide 21: • Remove gloves prior to exiting and wash hands • Gown for • patient contact • Changing linen • Handling objects in the room

Slide 22: • Remove gown prior to exiting • Wash hands • Careful clothing does not touch room surfaces

Slide 23: Protective Isolation / Reverse isolation • Compromised or suppressed immune system • Highly susceptible to infections • Protection from environmental pathogens

Slide 24: Protective Isolation / Reverse isolation What do you need ? • Private room – door closed • Gown, mask, gloves if direct contact • Wash hands • No plants / flowers

Slide 25: Procedure • Before instituting • EXPLAIN to client & family • Disease • Purpose of isolation • Steps to follow • Time frame

Slide 26: Room Preparation • Private with BR facilities • Sign on door • Isolation cart outside door • Laundry hamper in room • Waste basket with plastic bag • Thermometer, B/P cuff, stethoscope in room • Sharps receptacle

Slide 27: • Be organized • Gather equipment prior to entering room • Remove rings and wash hands • Don PPE • Gown usually disposable • Gloves up over cuff of gown

Slide 28: • Put your watch in a plastic bag if no clock in room • Linen is placed in a water soluble bag & then cream/yellow bag • No special treatment for dishes / trays

Slide 29: Exiting Room • Untie gown at waist • Remove gloves properly • Remove mask • Untie gown at neck, drop over shoulders, don’t touch outside, fold inwards, and discard

Slide 30: Exiting Room • Wash hands • Use paper towel on door handle • Wash hands again outside room Important to do as much client care as you can while you are in the room….CLUSTER ACTIVITY.

Slide 31: Basic Principles • Wash hands prior to entering & exiting room • Careful disposal of contaminated materials • Knowledge of disease and mode of transmission • Protection of client and public during transport

Slide 32: Client Consideration • Isolation • Loneliness • Self – esteem, body image • Boredom

Slide 33: Sterile Technique / Surgical Asepsis Purpose – to eliminate all microorganisms from objects that come into contact with the tissues of the body that are normally sterile.

Slide 34: Practice Areas • Operating room • Labor and delivery • Major diagnostic area • At the bedside in 3 main situations 1. Procedures requiring intentional perforation of the skin

Slide 35: 1. When the skin’s integrity is broken due to surgery or burns 2. During procedures involving insertion of devices into normally sterile body cavities

Slide 36: • Any break in technique could result in contamination increasing clients risk for infection.

Slide 37: Methods of Sterilization • Steam – most common • Dry heat • Ethylene oxide gas • Chemicals • Indicator of sterility – • tape on pkg. turns color or forms lines • Expiration Date

Slide 38: Examples of sterilization processes • Moist heat /steam • Autoclave- instruments, parental solutions, dressings • Radiation • Drugs, foods, heat sensitive items

Slide 39: Examples of sterilization processes • Chemicals • Instruments • All types • Glass microorganisms thermometers • Rapid action • Ex. Chlorine – • Work with water used to disinfect • Stable in heat & water & for light housekeeping • Inexpensive purposes • Not harmful to body tissue

Slide 40: Examples of sterilization processes • Ethylene oxide • Rubber gas • Plastic • Destroys microorganisms by altering cells’ metabolic processes.

Slide 41: Examples of sterilization processes • Boiling water • Items should be • Cheap boiled for at • Imp. – bacterial least 15 min. spores andsome viruses resist boiling. Not used in hospitals!

Slide 42: Practical Exam • Prepare a sterile field • Add an item • Add a liquid • Don sterile gloves

Article copyright - #1 source of information to update nurses all over the world. All rights reserved. No part of an article may be reproduced without the prior permission.


Philippine Nurses in Action

Search for Nursing Jobs Abroad!

Quick Nursing Facts:

NLE Results December 2011 Results

December 2011 Nursing Board Exam Successful Examinees for the December NLE 2011

Nursing Board Exam July 2010 NLE PRC

July 2011 Nursing Board Exam Successful Examinee PRC

List of Successful Examinees for Nursing Licensure Examination July 2011 Conducted by the PRC

We are one of the few websites to post results right after the Philippine Regulatory Board have release the list of successful examinees

Results for July 2011 NLE Board Exam

July 2011 NLE Nursing Licensure Examination Results List Of Passers

Recommended Books

Filipino Nurse Tag Rolls

NursingReview.Org Disclaimer

© 2008-2009 NurseReview.Org This site contains links to other Web sites. The owner of this blog has no control over the content or privacy practices of those sites. The information provided here is for general information purpose only. Comments are moderated. If in any case the owner approves a comment, it should not be taken as an endorsement of that comment. The owner doesn't claim full ownership of all photos or articles posted on this site. If the respective copyright owners wish for their photos or articles to be taken down, feel free to e-mail me and it will be taken down immediately.