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Thursday, April 17, 2008

Rest and Sleep Bed Making

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Rest and Sleep Bed Making Slide Transcript
Slide 1: Rest and Sleep Bed Making Skill and Rational

Slide 2: Why is it so important? The bed is particularly important to people who are ill. It is essential the nurse keep the bed as clean and comfortable as possible. Physical Comfort Psychological comfort

Slide 3: Rest and Sleep • Healing and Optimal Health • Promoting Sleep

Slide 4: Nursing Process • Assessment – Usual pattern of rest/sleep – bed routines • Nursing diagnosis – Sleep pattern disturbance • Plan – Sleep aids

Slide 5: Nursing process • Implementaion – Regular habits – Nutrition/exercise – Quiet time prior to sleep – Warm milk – Sleep/wake cycle – Back rub – Comfortable bed

Slide 6: Nursing Process • Evaluation – Good night sleep

Slide 7: Promoting Rest and Sleep • Rest period • Nonessential tasks • Night time/early am bathing • Lab work • Cluster activity • Visitor control • Interventions prn

Slide 8: Comfort Measures for Promoting Sleep  Administer hygiene measures for clients on bedrest  Loose fitting nightwear  Remove or change any irritants against the client’s skin (moist dsg., drainage tubes)  Position and support dependent body parts to protect pressure points and aid muscle relaxation

Slide 9: Comfort Measures for Promoting Sleep  Provide caps and socks for older clients and those prone to cold  Void before bedtime  Analgesics or sedatives 30 min. prior H.S.  Bedtime massage/backrub  Comfortable mattress and a clean dry bed!

Slide 10: Noisy Nightshift • Close doors to clients’rooms/work areas if possible • Telephone/paging equipment • Noisy footwear • Equipment • Bedside monitors • TV/radio • Conversations

Slide 11: Client’s Environment • Chairs – Straight back post surgery – Lounge chair • Lighting – Overbed – Night light – Call light • Overbed table • Bedside table

Slide 12: Special Mattresses Types Regular firm, plastic covered Regular Mattresses used to prevent & treat decubitus Mattresses ulcers KCI beds KCI Eggcrate Eggcrate Sheepskin Sheepskin

Slide 13: Special mattresses are not a substitute for nursing care • Turn patients Q2h • Skin care • positioning

Slide 14: Considerations • Bed position – Safety – Body mechanics – Gatchs • Infection control • Skin breakdown –

Slide 15: The bed changing process • Every health care agency wants the end product to be neat, clean, comfortable and durable. • Economical – Time – Equipment – Energy, patients and nurses

Slide 16: Assembling Equipment • 2 sheets – Fitted/flat for bottom – Flat for top • Pillowcases • Cotton/rubber drawsheet as needed • Soaker • Bedspread • Blanket

Slide 17: Linen Overload • Just what you need • Cost control Once linen brought into a client’s room, if unused, must be discarded for laundering Excess linen causes clutter and obstacles in a cramped space

Slide 18: Rubber drawsheet • Save on linen • Time • Turning and positioning • Placed under cotton drawsheet Drawsheet extends from above waist to midthigh. Absorbs secretions due to urinary/fecal incontinence

Slide 19: Linen Change • As per hospital protocol – Cost – Pillow cases/drawsheet OD – Soiled or bath day – Laundry shute/hamper – If soiled with feces/blood – Use of gloves

Slide 20: Skill Under no circumstances do you place dirty linen on floor, footstool, another patient’s bed or on over the bed tables. Assessment What needs to be changed Client’s condition

Slide 21: When does the bed get changed? • Usually after client’s bath • Client is sitting in chair • Out of room for tests Check throughout day and straighten linen prn After meals, if eating in bed, check for food particles Change linen that is soiled or wet

Slide 22: Effective Body Mechanics and Bed Making 1. Maintain good body alignment 2. Use the large muscles of the body 3. Work smoothly and rhythmically 4. Push or pull rather than lift 5. Use your own weight to counteract the weight of an object.

Slide 23: Nursing Diagnosis • Activity intolerance • Impaired physical condition

Slide 24: Types of Bed • Occupied • Unoccupied • Surgical/post-op beds

Slide 25: Occupied Bed • Gloves if drainage • Check chart/kardex for client’s activity • Talk to the client, explain procedure • Privacy • Assemble all equipment, incontinent pads prn • Safety with side rails/call bell • Wash hands before and after

Slide 26: Planning • Expected outcomes • Best time to change linen • Equipment needed

Slide 27: Implementation • Wash hands • Gloves prn • Equipment • Adjust bed height-HOB down • Lower side rail- remove call bell • Loosen linen • Keep soiled linen away from uniform

Slide 28: Infection Control and Bed Making 1. Microorganisms are present on the skin and in the general environment. 2. Some microorganisms are opportunists; that is, they can cause infections when conditions are favorable ( break in skin, mucous membranes) 3. Clients are often less resistant to infections because of the stress resulting from an existing disease process.

Slide 29: Infection Control and Bed Making 1. Microorganisms may be transferred from one person to another or from one place to another by air, by inanimate objects or by direct contact among people. Therefore:  Avoid holding soiled linen against uniform  Never shake linen  Always wash hands before going to another patient.

Slide 30: Avoid shaking linen for infection control purposes • Linen to be reused – fold and place on chair • Soak and rinse linen soiled with feces or blood before placing in hamper • Make sure no tripads, personal articles or anything besides linen is placed in hamper

Slide 31: Evaluation • Inspect bed – Clean – Neat – Wrinkle free

Slide 32: Always be alert to client comfort and safety during bedmaking. • When finished evaluate – Safety re bed position – Call light – Side rails – Unit tidy – Personal belongings are within reach

Slide 33: Accessories • Bed cradle/foot cradle • Fracture board • Foot board • Toe pleat Therapeutic Frames allow movement for immobilized patients & help prevent complications R/T immobility

Slide 34: Remember • To make bed, position is elevated • When completed, bed is lowered • If occupied, patient comfort & safety • Soiled linen away from uniform • Gloves prn • Bath before making bed if occupied

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