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Sunday, March 30, 2008

Animation on PET Scan

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Animation on Oxygen Transport

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Animation on Oogenesis

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Friday, March 28, 2008

Animation on Nasogastric Tube

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Thursday, March 27, 2008

Animation on Muscles

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Wednesday, March 26, 2008

Animation on Muscle Contraction

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Tuesday, March 25, 2008

Animation on Lipids

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Animation on Joint Movement 2

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Sunday, March 23, 2008

Animation on Joint Movement

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Animation on Integumentary System

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Animation on Injection

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Animation on Integumentary Repair

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Saturday, March 22, 2008

Test Taking Strategies For Nursing Students

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Test Taking Strategies For Nursing Students Slide Transcript
Slide 1: Test taking strategies for Nursing Students Caralee Bromme’, RN , MSN CCRN

Slide 2: Seminars Objectives • At the end of this session the student will – Define critical thinking and it’s application to the nursing process. – Understand Maslow’s hierarchy of needs in relationship to the nursing process. – Identify the components of a test question. – Be able to identify question and answer distracters and qualifiers.

Slide 3: Critical thinking • Critical thinking is the cornerstone of one's ability to function in today's society. According to Scriven & Paul (n.d.), • it...can be seen as having two components: – a set of skills to process and generate information and beliefs, and – the habit, based on intellectual commitment, of using those skills to guide behavior. – (Scriven & Paul, nd: http://www.criticalthinking.org/University/univclass/Defining.html)

Slide 4: Test Preparation… the most important step • Read the material prior to lecture – At the minimum, skim the chapter summaries, key word definitions and tables. Identify what the instructor’s going to talk about. • Take outline notes – Star concepts you don’t understand for further study. Use a spiral notebook one page for lecture. Then add info from the book on the opposite page *note all page numbers for open book tests. • Flag or Tab your notes and book for open book test with consistent system – Blue-tables, red-disease ( Mark disease name on tab), green- nursing care plan “Remember it’s all about understanding and application of the concept “

Slide 5: Test taking strategies • Outline your notes to each disease – With info from lecture and book • Pathophysiology of disease/ system • Signs and symptoms (including labs) – Highlight special S&S • such as RLQ pain for appy • Nursing Diagnosis • Goals • Specific Implementation plans • Patient teaching

Slide 6: Types of questions • Knowledge – Recall or remembered information • Comprehension questions – Need to understand the information • Application Questions – Show, solve, use or manipulate information • Analysis – Interpret data, recognize commonalties, differences, interrelationships among presented ideas

Slide 7: Now critical thinking and the nursing process.. • Assessment – Collect data, communicate information about assessments • Analysis/ Nursing Diagnosis – Clustering and interpreting data, identifying and communicating nursing diagnosis • Planning – Identifying goals, projecting outcomes, setting priorities, identifying interventions • Implementation – Implementing nursing care • Evaluation – Identifying patient responses, comparing outcomes to goals, modifying plan of care. “This is process of how we think about patients” Now let’s apply the same process to tests

Slide 8: Test taking strategies • Prioritization • Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs • Biological • Safety • Belonging and love • Esteem needs • Self actualization

Slide 9: Test taking strategies • If you have to guess think physiological needs first… • Think.. • Airway • Breathing • Circulation • Disability • Safety second • Communication • Also do not forget the nursing process

Slide 10: Test taking strategies • Questions are based on the nursing process… • The components include – The stem – Correct response – Distracters

Slide 11: Test taking strategies • The client has a red, raised skin rash. During the bath, the priority action of the nurse is to: • a. Assess for further inflammatory reactions • b. Discuss the body-image problems created by the presence of the rash • c. Wash the skin thoroughly with hot water and soap • d. Moisturize the skin to prevent drying.

Slide 12: Test taking strategies • A 61-year-old client recently had left-sided paralysis from a cerebrovascular accident (stroke). In planning care for this client, the nurse implements which one of the following as an appropriate intervention? • a. Encourage an even gait when walking in place. • b. Assess the extremities for unilateral swelling and muscle atrophy. • c. Encourage holding the breath frequently to hyperinflation his lungs. • d. Teach the use of a two-point crutch technique for ambulation .

Slide 13: Test taking strategies • A client has severe right-sided weakness and is unable to complete bathing and grooming independently. Based on this observation, the nurse identifies a nursing diagnosis of: • a. Powerlessness • b. Self-care deficit • c. Tissue integrity impairment • d. Knowledge deficit of hygiene practices

Slide 14: Test taking strategies • The client is receiving an epidural opioid infusion for pain relief. A priority nursing intervention when caring for this client is to: • a. Use aseptic technique • b. Label the port as an epidural catheter • c. Monitor vitals signs every 15 minutes • d. Avoid supplemental doses of sedatives

Slide 15: Test taking strategies After administering an intramuscular injection, the nurse should massage the needle insertion site to: 2. Limit infection 3. Prevent bleeding 4. Reduce comfort 5. Promote absorption

Slide 16: Test taking strategies • To promote respiratory function in the immobilized client, the nurse should: 2. Change the client’s position q4-8 3. Encourage deep breathing and coughing every hour 4. Use oxygen and nebulizer treatments regularly 5. Suction the client every hour

Slide 17: Test taking strategies The nurse is caring for a client with cirrhosis of the liver with ascites. When instructing nursing assistants in the care of the client, the nurse should emphasize that 2. The client should remain on bed rest in a semi-Fowler's position 3. The client should alternate ambulation with bed rest with legs elevated 4. The client may ambulate and sit in chair as tolerated 5. The client may ambulate as tolerated and remain in semi-Fowlers position in bed

Slide 18: Test taking strategies • A client has gastroesophageal reflux. Which recommendation made by the nurse would be most helpful to the client? 3. Avoid liquids unless a thickening agent is = used 4. Sit upright for at least 1 hour after eating 5. Maintain a diet of soft foods and cooked vegetables 6. Avoid eating 2 hours before going to sleep

Slide 19: Test taking strategies • A 43-year-old client is scheduled to have a gastrectomy. Which of the following is a major preoperative concern? • a. The client’s brother had a tonsillectomy at age 11 years • b. The client smokes a pack of cigarettes a day • c. The presence of an intravenous (IV) infusion • d. A history of employment as a computer programmer

Slide 20: Test taking strategies • The nurse is working in a postoperative care unit in an ambulatory surgery center. Of the following clients that have come to have surgery, the client at the greatest risk during surgery is a: • a. 78-year-old taking an analgesic agent • b. 43-year-old taking an antihypertensive agent • c. 27-year-old taking an anticoagulant agent • d. 10-year-old taking an antibiotic agent

Slide 21: Test taking strategies • To provide for the psychosocial needs of an immobilized client, an appropriate statement by the nurse is: • a. “The staff will limit your visitors so that you will not be bothered.” • b. “A roommate can be a real bother. You’d probably rather have a private room.” • c. “Let’s discuss the routine to see if there are any changes we can make.” • d. “I think you should have your hair done and put on some make-up.”

Slide 22: Test taking strategies • Conclusion • Prepare and learn the concepts • Tab and out line your notes • Use the ABC’s and Maslow’s Hierarchy • For more info…. • www,medspub,com • Nurse Logic program





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Tuesday, March 18, 2008

Animation on ECG

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electrocardiogram animation






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Stroke Victims: All you need to know

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Stroke Victims: All you need to know Slideshow Transcript
Slide 1: Get B rain S mart!

Slide 2: Neurology Cardiology Migraine ALS Heart attack Arrhythmias Parkinson’s Headache Stroke Heart failure Valvular disease Seizures Neuropathy

Slide 3: Everything you ever wanted to know about stroke (but were afraid to ask)

Slide 4: e strok

Slide 5: Objectives  Highlight some important differences and similarities between heart attack and stroke  Motivate you to prevent a stroke

Slide 6: How is a stroke different from a heart attack?  A stroke is a sudden neurological deficit caused by a blood vessel problem  2 types  Ischemic strokes  Hemorrhagic strokes  The effects of a stroke are extremely varied

Slide 8: Why is heart attack easier to recognize than stroke ?  Painful  Often painless  the stroke itself often  Public and health affects awareness of care providers symptoms commonly  Poor recognition of recognize symptoms and need symptoms and for action need for action

Slide 9: Respondents unable to name 1 warning sign or risk factor for stroke Pancioli, A. M. et al. JAMA 1998;279:1288-1292. Copyright restrictions may apply.

Slide 10: Which of the following are warning signs of stroke? A. Sudden weakness or numbness of the face, arm or leg, especially on one side of the body B. Sudden confusion, trouble speaking or understanding C. Sudden chest pain D. Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes E. Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination F. Sudden, severe headache with no known cause

Slide 11: A. Sudden weakness or numbness of the face, arm or leg, especially on one side of the body B. Sudden confusion, trouble speaking or understanding C. Sudden chest pain D. Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes E. Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination F. Sudden, severe headache with no known cause

Slide 12: Is heart attack easier to diagnose than stroke?  Diagnosis is  Diagnosis is relatively easy. difficult. Many EKG and cardiac things can mimic enzymes readily stroke. There is no blood test for available. stroke. MRI not readily available.

Slide 14: MRI with diffusion weighted imaging Isolated weakness right index finger JS Kim, Neurology, 2002

Slide 15: Where is the stroke?

Slide 17: CT scan of arteries of neck and head

Slide 18: Are the causes of heart attack and stroke different?  Cause is usually  Atherosclerosis is rupture of a plaque important, but there within a coronary are many other artery causes  So the diagnostic and  Determining the treatment strategy is cause in an individual fairly straightforward is often a deductive (find the blockage process and open it up!)

Slide 19: There are many potential causes of stroke

Slide 20: Stroke is not just a brain disease and often the brain is just an innocent bystander  Usually caused by diseases that are affect the entire vascular system (atherosclerosis)  Material blocking brain arteries usually comes from outside the brain (atrial fibrillation, carotid artery disease)

Slide 21: How is a Cardiologist different than a Neurologist  Basically a plumber or  Diagnostician electrician  Detective  Daredevil

Slide 22: Case  Healthy 61 year-old man developed confused speech 1 day after falling out of a tree.  August 11th, topping a tree, fell and sustained a left collar bone fracture and small puncture of the lung.  Next night suddenly developed confused speech.

Slide 27:  Trauma (fall out of a tree)  Vascular problem (leg vein injury)  Blood disorder (hypercoagulability)  Congenital heart anomaly (patent foramen ovale)

Slide 28: How are heart attack and stroke SIMILAR?  Time is critical  The first priority is to save tissue at risk

Slide 29: Kidwell 2004

Slide 30: You need to call 911 ASAP for both heart attack and stroke!  There is a 3 hour time limit for the medication t- PA, and the sooner it’s given the better!  Future strokes may be prevented if we identify the cause of stroke ASAP  People brought by ambulance are treated faster  Neurological deterioration and other complications may be prevented if a patient is hospitalized earlier

Slide 32:  June 2006 7AM: A 75 year-old woman collapsed at home, brought to her local emergency room. She cannot move her right side or speak. The doctors there are not comfortable using t-PA so transfer to DHMC is requested.  1:02 PM: Arrival DHMC ED.

Slide 35: 4:49 PM artery is opened

Slide 38:  The system needs to be very coordinated

Slide 40: PREPARED RAPID EVALUATION INDIVIDUALIZED CARE Improving Stroke Care at DHMC PROTOCOLS TO DECREASE ERRORS A TEAM APPROACH

Slide 41: Ways everyone here can prevent a stroke  Identify and control risk factors  If a warning sign of stroke occurs, get attention

Slide 44: 10y risk 88% !

Slide 45: 10y risk 13% !

Slide 46:  Preventing a heart attack or stroke is MUCH more effective (and safer) than a procedure!

Slide 50: HJM Barnett 1999

Slide 51: The medical and surgical 5-year Kaplan-Meier curves of freedom from ipsilateral stroke and perioperative stroke and death indicate a 5.9% difference favoring endarterectomy at 5 years in the Asymptomatic Carotid Atherosclerosis Study (ACAS) Barnett, H. J. M. et al. Arch Neurol 2000;57:40-45. Copyright restrictions may apply.

Slide 52: Kaplan-Meier 5-year risks of ipsilateral ischemic stroke for NASCET patients according to gender and degree of internal carotid artery stenosis in the medical and surgical groups Alamowitch, S. et al. Stroke 2005;36:27-31 Copyright ©2005 American Heart Association

Slide 55: 18/111 (16%) received t-PA Average cost for transportation $4,623

Slide 56: 2004: 144 pts Rx t-PA 50% had t-PA started at 1 of 47 referring hospitals >50% of these have <60 beds

Slide 58: Meyer 2005

Slide 59: MGH TeleStroke

Slide 60: Effectiveness of Stroke Prevention Absolute risk reduction in a year: Strategy ARR (%)  Warfarin for atrial fibrillation 8  Carotid endarterctomy for symptomatic dz 4  Smoking cessation 2  Antihypertensive therapy if BP elevated 2  Cholesterol lowering medications 2  Aspirin 1-2

Slide 61: Schaebitz W-R, 2000

Slide 63: anticoag RG Hart 2003

Slide 64: Stroke Diagnosis 40 years ago

Slide 65: Stroke Warning Signs  Sudden weakness or numbness of the face, arm or leg, especially on one side of the body  Sudden confusion, trouble speaking or understanding  Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes  Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination  Sudden, severe headache with no known cause

Slide 66: What is a TIA ?  Transient Ischemic Attack=Stroke symptoms that resolve with a short time.  Can be a warning sign of impending stroke.  The highest risk period of stroke following a TIA is the first 2 weeks.  The risk of stroke soon after a TIA can now be estimated.

Slide 67: ABCD2 Tool risk of stroke following TIA A Age> or = 60 1 B Blood pressure >140/90 1 C Clinical features unilateral weakness 2 speech impairment 1 D2 Duration > 60 min 2 10-59 min 1 Diabetes 1

Slide 70: A B C D E F Systolic BP* 95-105 130-148 130-148 130-148 130-148 130-148 Diabetes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Cigarettes No No No Yes Yes Yes Prior Atrial Fib. No No No No Yes Yes Prior CVD No No No No No Yes *BP in millimeters of mercury (mmHg) Estimated 10-year stroke risk in 55-year-old adults according to levels of various risk factors (FHS). Source: Wolf et al., Stroke.1991;22:312-318.

Slide 71: Which action would you take if you thought someone was having a heart or stroke? A. take the person a hospital B. advise the person to call a doctor C. call 911 D. call a spouse or family member E. do something else

Slide 72: Which action would you take if you thought someone was having a heart or stroke? A. take the person a hospital B. advise the person to call a doctor C. call 911 D. call a spouse or family member E. do something else

Slide 73:  Bleeding into the  Brain heart doesn’t hemorrhage is occur common

Slide 74: CT scan: ischemic stroke

Slide 75: Intracerebral hemorrhage at 1 hour and 6 hours

Slide 76: Intra-arterial thrombolysis Time window=6 hours

Slide 77: High resolution MRI to identify the unstable plaque Chu B, Circulation 2005

Slide 78: You need to open the artery

Slide 80: Like with heart disease, the treatment and prevention of stroke needs to be individualized!  A 65 yo man attends a vascular disease prevention fair and an ultrasound shows a blockage of his left carotid artery. He is told to speak to his doctor ASAP and he becomes worried that there is a “time bomb” ticking in his neck.







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Animation on Hemodynamics

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Monday, March 17, 2008

Animation on Gas Exchange

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Thursday, March 13, 2008

Animation on Fracture Repair

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Animation on Female Reproductive System

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Tuesday, March 11, 2008

Animation on Enema

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Animation on Drug Receptor Interaction

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Monday, March 10, 2008

Heart Attacks And Drinking Warm Water

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This is a very good article. Not only about the warm water after your meal, but about Heart Attacks . The Chinese and Japanese drink hot tea with their meals, not cold water, maybe it is time we adopt their drinking habit while eating.

For those who like to drink cold water, this article is applicable to you. It is nice to have a cup of cold drink after a meal. However, the cold water will solidify the oily stuff that you have just consumed. It will slow down the digestion. Once this 'sludge' reacts with the acid, it will break down and be absorbed by the intestine faster than the solid food. It will line the intestine. Very soon, this will turn into fats and lead to cancer. It is best to drink hot soup or warm water after a meal.

Common Symptoms Of Heart Attack...
A serious note about heart attacks - You should know that not every heart attack symptom is going to be the left arm hurting . Be aware of intense pain in the jaw line .
You may never have the first chest pain during the course of a heart attack. Nausea and intense sweating are also common symptoms. 60% of people who have a heart attack while they are asleep do not wake up. Pain in the jaw can wake you from a sound sleep. Let's be careful and be aware. The more we know, the better chance we could survive.



Source: Email from a Friend (not reliable source)

Comments: Rule of thumb: don't take health advice from anonymous forwarded emails. I scoured every available medical database for articles confirming -- or even suggesting -- that drinking cold water with meals is harmful, and found not a single one. There's no scientific basis for the claim that cold water will "solidify the oily stuff" you have just consumed, or that this "sludge" will "line the intestine," let alone "turn into fats" and "lead to cancer."
It's mumbo-jumbo, and self-contradictory mumbo-jumbo at that. The email states that drinking cold water "slows down the digestion," yet in the very next sentence declares that it will cause the your stomach contents to "break down and be absorbed by the intestine faster." Which is it?
What studies do exist mainly extoll the benefits of drinking cold water, especially during and after vigorous exercise. Cold water is absorbed by the body more quickly than warm water and can help lower one's body temperature, preventing dehydration. See http://urbanlegends.about.com/library/bl_drinking_cold_water.htm







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Animation on Congenital Heart Disorders

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Animation on Cocaine

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Sunday, March 9, 2008

Bit Of Unsolicited Advice...Nclex Exam

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Here is an email I sent to one of my friends and I thought that it
might also be helpful to others...

A little bit of unsolicited advice... Kaplan test taking strategies
are very effective! you don't even necessarily need to enroll in their
expensive review classes (unless you have the money... then go for
it!), just utilize their techniques in answering each question (Im
sure you can find books from friends who have taken the exam already
or you could always xerox :P) The more you answer questions using
their strategies, the easier the exams seem to be, well maybe not
easier, but you will have a better chance of getting your answers
right (even when you're not really sure when you select your answer)

And another thing... take your time in answering or rather and more
importantly when reading the questions... I've found that half (maybe
even more) the battle is understanding what the question is really
asking you... and trying to look for those very subtle cues that you
don't really see until the second or even third time you read the
question.

You know what i did for the actual exam... I actually spent about two
minutes to answer each question (even though rule of thumb is
supposedly that you should give yourself about 1 minute for each
question) but the way i see it... you're not actually looking to
answer all 265 questions anyway, so the 5 hours they give you is
really more time than you could actually consume when your goal is to
let the exam shut down on you on the 75th-100th question (hopefully
with a positive result!) :P

It seemed to work for me... My exam shut down on my 75th question!

Finally, BE CONFIDENT in the fact that you already know the content of
the exam! when I say that, i dont mean that you will be familiar with
all the questions they throw at you, on the contrary, they will seem
to come from out of nowhere and since there is no possible way for you
to read up on all the nursing books out there... well you get the
picture… but you will have some idea about it and that is really all
you need to make an intelligent guess. Confidence really helps a lot
to keep your composure and gets you on a steady pace (without worrying
about how well you are doing) while you are still in the middle of
taking the test.

So all you really need to improve on is your testmanship! I wasted my
Kaplan review by not reading up or listening to their extensive study
materials the first two months of their program. But I made up for it
by not missing any of the practice tests they gave us. And aside from
that I tried to answer as many questions as I could (always using
Kaplan strategies) until it became second nature to me that I would do
it without even trying. (And I was surprised at how much better I was
doing in the practice tests)

Parting shot: In the end it really just boils down to what you are
comfortable with... Im just sharing what worked for me but it is up to
you... on whether or not you use it... or even better... if you can
improve on it! :)

Best of luck! I look forward to hearing from you and all your success
be it in exams or in finding work abroad…

Take Care! :)

SOURCE: GoodNursesClub


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Saturday, March 8, 2008

Animation on Central Venous Line Insertion

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Animation on Cell Division

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Friday, March 7, 2008

PRC Registration Schedule for New Nurses (December 2007 Nursing LIcensure Examination Passers)

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PRC Registration Schedule for New Nurses (December 2007 Nursing LIcensure Examination Passers)

The Professional Regulation Commission (PRC) will begin their registration of new nurses on March 24, 2008 at the PRC office in Manila.

To facilitate an orderly registration, successful examinees are advised to observe the following registration schedule:

NOTE: Schedules of registration outside of manila may not be different. Please try to visit your nearest PRC Offices.

ABA, Adrian A. to ALE, Quinessa S. (March 24)
ALEGADO, Jane A. to AQUINO, Tristan L. (March 25)
AQUINO, Xenia Joy L. to BALBIN, Anna Irish Y. (March 26)
BALBIN, Jon Nelson C. to BELLO, Martin II R. (March 27)
BELLO, Mecca Angela Q. to BURGOS, Roland A. (March 28)
BURI, Karen Anson R. to CAPUNDAN, Gretchen M. (March 31)
CAPUNO, Ann Naciancina V. to CIANO, Setrina N. (April 1)
CIELO, Leonida P. to DALAYGON, Casedil D. (April 2)
DALERE, Daryl Dave T. to DELA CRUZ, Uzzielle D. (April 3)
DELA CUADRA, Eunice Mae P. to DURA, Clair M. (April 4)
DURAGO, Neniel Kate B. to FAJARDO, Stephanie R. (April 7)
FAJARDO, Vergel S. to GAMAD, Charliselle A. (April 8)
GAMAD, Honesto Jr. G. to GRANIL, Romyr Jane A. (April 10)
GRANITO, Hazel Grace L. to JABONILLO, Joyce S. (April 11)
JACA, Flora Mae G. to LANGAMON, Emerald P. (April 14)
LANGBAYAN, Gibran A. to LOPEZ, Joann N. (April 15)
LOPEZ, John Michael C. to MALLARI, Florian Edgar A. (April 16)
MALLARI, Francis Ian Q. to MEDINA, Jeden Marneleh A. (April 17)
MEDINA, Julie Jane D. to NANGLIGAN, Marilyn D. (April 18)
NANI, Al-Nash A. to ORDANZA, Ma. Angelica E. (April 21)
ORDEN, Janice M. to PARUNGAO, Melvin A. (April 22)
PARUNGAO, Nalla L. to PULIDO, Eduardo C. (April 23)
PULIDO, Pamela E. to REYES, Jera R. (April 24)
REYES, Jerome Anthony D. to SALAMAT, Sharlene Ann G. (April 25)
SALAMATIN, John Lester R. to SEMIC, Jiesylmay T. (April 28)
SEMILLA, Florence Erika B. to TACDORO, Shiela B. (April 29)
TACIO, Herbert D. to TONO, Emelou S. (April 30)
TONOG, Joeky Z. to VESAGAS, Rainier M. (May 1)
VETUS, Ralph Joshua I R. to ZUNIGA, Woodrow Rafael III M. (May 5)


ATTENTION TO JUNE 2007 NURSES
June 2007 Nurses are also advised that their CERTIFICATE OF REGISTRATION is now available at Window 19, Registration Division, PRC Manila.

As of March 5, available certificates:

ABALOS, Russel to FORTALIZA, Frederick.


Those who intend to claim their PRC Certificate of Registration are instructed to bring their PRC ID (License) and a photocopy showing front and back of PRC ID. No fees will be collected.



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Seminars for RNs, Nurse Educators & Nursing Students by a US Nurse E

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Seminars for RNs, Nurse Educators & Nursing Students by a US Nurse E
Posted by: "james" jjcmaverick@yahoo.com jjcmaverick
Wed Mar 5, 2008 4:26 pm (PST)

International Nursing Development Company (USA)
Nursing Consultancy & Development Center (Philippines)
www.inursingdc. com
info@inursingdc. com

Inviting clinical nurses, nurse educators and nursing students to the
following seminars to be conducted by a US Nurse Educator:

I. FREE NCLEX-RN Seminar

April 4 - Saint Paul University Philippines, Tuguegarao City
April 9 - Saint Paul University Manila

Pre-register NOW by emailing contact information to
info@inursingdc. com

II. Seminar for Nurses and Nursing Students: Meeting the Challenges of International Nursing Practice

Topics: Trends in International Nursing Practice, The Anatomy of the
NCLEX-RN Exam, Trends in Cardiovascular & Neurologic Nursing

March 29 - Hotel Supreme, Baguio City (P 1,000)
March 31 - Saint Mary's University, Bayombong, Nueva Vizcaya (P 350)
April 5 - Saint Paul University Philippines, Tuguegarao City (P 700)
April 11 - Saint Paul University Manila (P 1,200)

Pre-register and avail of a discounted registration fee! See
www.inursingdc. com for details.

III. Seminar for Nurse Educators: Meeting the Challenges of International Nursing Education

Topics: Trends in International Nursing Practice, Trends in US
Nursing Education, Strategies of Teaching in Nursing, Test
Construction to Foster Critical Thinking, Achieving Learning Outcomes
through Scientific Item Analysis

April 4 - Saint Paul University Philippines (Tuguegarao City), in
cooperation with the Association of Deans of Philippine Colleges of
Nursing (ADPCN) Region 02 (P 700)
April 10 - Saint Paul University Manila (P 1,200)

Pre-register and avail of a discounted registration fee! Check
website, www.inursingdc. com, for pre-registration procedure.

CGFNS & NCLEX-RN Review to start in Bayombong, Nueva Vizcaya,
Tuguegarao City and Quezon City in June 2008! Learn the FACTS from
one who ACTUALLY teaches and reviews NCLEX-RN in the USA!

Jhordin James C. Montegrico, RN, MSN
Chief Operating Officer
Nursing Consultancy & Development Center (Phil.)
International Nursing Development Co. (USA)

SOURCE: nursereview_org_ph@yahoogroups.com




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Thursday, March 6, 2008

Animation on Catheterization

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Animation on Carbon Dioxide Transport

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Wednesday, March 5, 2008

Animation on Carbohydrates

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Tuesday, March 4, 2008

Animation on Capillary Pressure

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Animation on Bone Ossification

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Monday, March 3, 2008

Animation on Blood Flow in the Atria

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Parasitic Diseases

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Parasitic Diseases
A parasitic disease is an infectious disease caused or transmitted by
a parasite. Many parasites do not cause disease per se. Parasitic
diseases can affect practically all living organisms, from plants to
man. The study of parasitic diseases is called by parasitology.

Some parasites like Toxoplasma gondii can cause Toxoplasmosis as a
parasitic disease directly caused by the protozoan. In contrast, some
of the symptoms caused by parasites are due to the toxins produced by
the parasites, rather than the parasites themselves.

How are parasitic diseases diagnosed?
Many kinds of lab tests are available to diagnose parasitic diseases.
The kind of test(s) your health care provider will order will be
based on your signs and symptoms, any other medical conditions you
may have, and your travel history. Diagnosis may be difficult, so
your health care provider may order more than one kind of test.

What kinds of tests are used to diagnose parasitic diseases?
1. A fecal (stool) exam, also called an ova and parasite test (O&P)
This test is used to find parasites that cause diarrhea, loose or
watery stools, cramping, flatulence (gas) and other abdominal
illness. CDC recommends that three or more stool samples, collected
on separate days, be examined.

Your health care provider may request that the lab use special stains
to look for parasites not routinely screened for.
This test is done by collection of a stool specimen. Your health care
provider may ask you to put your stool specimen into a special
container with preservative fluid. Specimens not collected in a
preservative fluid should be refrigerated, but not frozen, until
delivered to the lab or the health care provider's office.
This test looks for ova (eggs) or the parasite.
Example: pork tapeworm (Taenia solium) and beef tapeworm (Taenia
saginata)

2. Endoscopy
Endoscopy is used to find parasites that cause diarrhea, loose or
watery stools, cramping, flatulence (gas) and other abdominal illness.
This test is used when stool exams do not reveal the cause of your
diarrhea.
This test is a procedure in which a tube is inserted into the mouth
or rectum so that the doctor, usually a gastroenterologist, can
examine the intestines.
This test looks for the parasite.
Example: Physaloptera (a nematode)

3. Blood tests
Some, but not all, parasites can be found by testing your blood.
Blood tests look for a specific parasite infection; there is no blood
test that will look for all parasitic infections. There are two
general kinds of blood tests that your doctor may order:

a. Serology
This test is used to look for antibodies or for parasite antigens
produced when the body is infected with a parasite and the immune
system is trying to fight off the invader.
This test is done by your health care provider taking a blood sample
and sending it to a lab.
This test is able to detect antibodies produced by the body or
antigen from the parasite found in your blood.

b. Blood smear
This test is used to look for parasites that are found in the blood.
By looking at a blood smear under a microscope, parasitic diseases
such as malaria, filariasis, or babesiosis, can be diagnosed.
This test is done by placing a drop of blood on a microscope slide.
The slide is then looked at under a microscope.

4. X-ray, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scan, Computerized Axial
Tomography scan (CAT)
These tests are used to look for some parasitic diseases that may
cause swelling of internal organs or abnormal scarring.

source: wikipedia; Center for disease control and prevention (CDC)



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Sunday, March 2, 2008

Animation on Atrial Contraction

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Animation on Anatomical Landmarks

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Saturday, March 1, 2008

Animation on Cardiac Cycle (Human Anatomy)

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Animation: Anatomy of the Heart (swf)

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Animation on Acid Base Balance

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