Introduction To Physical Assessment Slide Transcript
Slide 1: Introduction Physical Examination Health Assessment
Slide 2: Why do I need to know Physical Assessment?
Slide 4: “What is your reason for coming here today?”
Slide 5: Assessment Collection of data about an individual’s health state.
Slide 6: Subjective Data Client history Objective Data Inspection Percussion Palpation Auscultation
Slide 7: Data Base All the information; obj., subjective, client’s record, lab, and test results Study and cluster data Diagnosis Purpose of assessment is to make a diagnosis or judgement
Slide 8: Nursing Process ADPIE Assessment Diagnosis (outcome identification) Planning Implementation Evaluation
Slide 9: Critical Thinking Problem solving – the puzzle – the big picture Processing information – use theory learned, experience, intuition, intellectual and manual skills
Slide 10: Priority Setting First level problems ABC’s Vital Signs Second Level Mental Status changes (LOC) Acute pain Acute urinary elimination Untreated medical problems Abn. Bld. Values Risks of infection, safety, security
Slide 11: Third Level Priority Knowledge deficit Activity, rest Coping
Slide 12: 4 Types of Data Base 1. Complete ( Total ) 2. Episodic or Problem Centered 3. Follow – up 4. Emergency
Slide 13: Consideration of: Developmental States Cultural Assessment Beliefs, values, practices
Slide 14: The Interview “Spend more time listening” Open /Closed ended questions Interpreter Family/ professional
Slide 15: Communication Skills Collecting information with understanding Verbal/Nonverbal
Slide 16: Factors that impact on Communication Internal Personal attributes – acceptance of client (Nonjudgemental) Respect Empathy Listening
Slide 17: Factors that impact on Communication External Factors Privacy Interruptions Comfortable environment – temp., noise, lunch, bloody mess
Slide 18: 10 Traps of Inteviewing pg 57 1. False Assurance 2. Unwanted Advice 3. Using Authority 4. Avoidance language – dead is dead 5. Engaging in distance “the Friend” 6. Professional jargon 7. Leading or biased questions; “you don’t…?”
Slide 19: 1. Too much talking 2. Interrupting 3. Why?
Slide 20: Threat of Violence!!!! CPI training
Article copyright NurseReview.org - #1 source of information to update nurses all over the world. All rights reserved. No part of an article may be reproduced without the prior permission.