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Sunday, April 13, 2008

Pathonmonic Signs Of Diseases

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Pathognomonic (often misspelled as pathognomic and sometimes as pathomnemonic) is an adjective of Greek origin, often used in medicine, which means diagnostic for a particular disease.

A pathognomonic sign is a particular sign whose presence means, beyond any doubt, that a particular disease is present. It is derived from the Greek páthos (πάθος, disease) and gnōmon (γνώμον, "judge"). Labelling a sign or symptom "pathognomonic" represents a marked intensification of a "diagnostic" sign or symptom.

Addison's disease
Bronze-like skin

Angina pectoris
Levine's sign (hand clutching of chest)

Bulimia Nervosa
Chipmunk facies (parotid gland swelling)

Cholecystitis
Murphy's sign (pain on deep inspiration when inflamed gallbladder is palpated)

Cholera
Rice-watery stool

Chronic hemorrhagic pancreatitis
Grey-Turner's sign (ecchymosis in flank area)

Cushing syndrome
Moon face

Diphtheria
Pseudomembrane on tonsils, pharynx and nasal cavity

Duchenne's Muscular Dystrophy
Gowers' sign

Emphysema
Barrel chest

Grave's disease
New bilateral Exophthalmos

Hyperthyroidism
Exophthalmos

Hypocalcemia
Trousseau sign and Chvostek sign

Kawasaki Disease
Strawberry tongue

Liver cirrhosis
Spider angioma

Leprosy
Leonine facies (thickened lion-like facial skin)

Measles
Koplik's spots

Meningitis
Kernig's sign and Brudzinski's sign

Pancreatitis
Cullen's sign (bluish discoloration of umbilicus)

Parkinson’s disease
Pill-rolling tremors

Patent ductus arteriosus
Machine-like murmur

Pernicious anemia
Red beefy tongue

Rib fracture
Pain produced with attempts to sleeping on one's back

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
Butterfly rash

Tetanus
Risus sardonicus

Typhoid fever
Rose spots in abdomen

Whipple's disease
Oculo-Masticatory Myorhythmia

If you have other pathognomonic signs that you would like to include in this list, please do so by commenting below. It's one way of helping other nurses.


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1 comments:

emily said...

pyloric stenosis -"olive size" mass of the abdomen

Intussusception-currant jelly stool


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