Purpose: Used to prevent nosocomial infections - appliad to all patients.
- Hand washing: Performed before and after working with all patients, after removing gloves, and whever hands become contaminated with blood or other body fluids.
- Gloves: worn wherever contact with body fluids is likely
- Mask and/or eye cover: Worn when splashing of body fluids is likely.
- Gown: Worn when soiling of exposed skin or clothing is likely
- Needles/sharps: Do not recap or break needles; discard all sharp objects immediatly in a puncture-resistant container.
- Properly clean or discard patient care equipment
- Place contaminated linen in a leak-proof bag.
Diseases transmitted by small droplet nuclei (smaller than 5 microns) such as chickenpox, measles, TB, etc.
Private room; negative airflow of at least six air exchanges per hr; repirator or mask
Diseases transmitted by large droplets from mucous membranes, nose, mouth (large than 5 microns) such as streptococcal, pharyngitis, pertussis, mumps, phemonic plaque, meningoccocal, pnemonia, etc.
Private room; mask when within 3 ft. of patient
Diseases transmitted by direct patient or environmental contact, such as colonization or infection with drug-resistant organism, wound infections, herpes simplex, scabies, etc.
Private room; gloves, gown
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