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Tuesday, January 29, 2008

Nursing Skills : Charting

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Nursing Skills : Charting Slide transcript
Slide 1: CHARTING

Slide 2: USES FOR THE MEDICAL RECORD  PERMANENT ACCOUNT  6 ITEMS THAT MUST BE DOCUMENTED  TRACKS PT PROGRESS/CARE GIVEN  INSURANCE REIMBURSEMENT  SHARING INFORMATION  RESEARCH  PATIENT CONFIDENTIALITY  LEGAL EVIDENCE FOR MALPRACTICE SUITS  QUALITY ASSURANCE  ASSURES CONTINUITY OF  ACCREDITATION CARE

Slide 3: USES FOR THE MEDICAL RECORD PERMANENT RECORD WRITTEN IN CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER FILED IN MEDICAL RECORDS DEPT FOR FUTURE USE/REFERENCE

Slide 4: USES FOR THE MEDICAL RECORD SHARING INFORMATION FACILITATES EXCHANGE OF INFORMATION BETWEEN STAFF PREVENTS DUPLICATION ERRORS  (MEDS, DRESSING CHANGE, ACTIVITY, DIETS, ETC.)

Slide 5: USES FOR THE MEDICAL RECORD  PATIENT CONFIDENTIALITY  NEVER LEAVE CHART IN A PUBLIC PLACE.  DISCUSS CONTENTS ONLY WITH PERSONS DIRECTLY INVOLVED IN THE PATIENT’S CARE OR THOSE THAT ARE AUTHORIZED BY THE PATIENT. THESE PEOPLE SHOULD BE LISTED BY NAME.  ASK FOR ID PRIOR.  DO NOT DISCUSS PT OR PT INFO IN PUBLIC PLACES, EG. ELEVATORS, CAFTERIA.

Slide 6: USES FOR THE MEDICAL RECORD QUALITY ASSURANCE A PEER REVIEW PROCESS CONDUCTED BY A STAFF NURSE AND PHYSICIAN ESTABLISHES AND REFLECTS AGENCY STANDARDS

Slide 7: USES FOR THE MEDICAL RECORD ACCREDITATION  JCAHO (JOINT COMMISSION ON ACCREDITATION OF HEALTH ORGANIZATION)/DSHS STATE (EXTENDED CARE)  SETS MINIMUM STANDARDS FOR STAFFING  THE AMERICAN NURSE’S ASSOCIATION SETS THE STANDARDS FOR PT CARE & DOCUMENTATION FOR NURSE’S

Slide 8: USES FOR THE MEDICAL RECORD SIX ITEMS THAT NURSES MUST DOCUMENT  ASSESSMENT  NURSG DX AND PT NEEDS  INTERVENTIONS  CARE PROVIDED  PT RESPONSE TO CARE  PTS ABILITY TO MANAGE CONTINUING CARE AFTER DISCHARGE

Slide 9: USES FOR THE MEDICAL RECORD REIMBURSEMENT LACK OF DOCUMENTATION MAY RESULT IN DENIAL FOR PAYMENTS FROM MEDICARE AND PRIVATE INSURANCE COMPANIES. THIS PUTS THE BURDEN OF PAYMENT ON THE PATIENT.

Slide 10: USES FOR THE MEDICAL RECORD RESEARCH  DATA ON TREATMENTS, MEDS, AND THERAPY  INFO FOR TUMOR BOARDS, DOCTOR’S ROUNDS, NURSING ROUNDS, ETC.  BE AWARE OF PRIVACY ISSUES  NURSES, STUDENT NURSES USE FOR CARE PLANS.

Slide 11: USES FOR THE MEDICAL RECORD  LEGAL EVIDENCE  RECORDS ARE CONSIDERED LEGAL OR POTENTIAL LEGAL DOCUMENTS  MAY BE SUBPEONAED AS EVIDENCE BY ATTORNEY OR NURSING BOARDS. CHECK FOR DEVIATIONS FROM FACILITY POLICY OR STANDARDS.  EACH HEALTH CARE PROVIDER IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE ABC’S OF RECORDING. ACCURACY, BRIEF, COMPLETE.

Slide 12: ACCESS TO CHARTS  PATIENT’S RIGHTS  WHO OWNS CHART  AGENCY POLICY

Slide 13: ACCESS TO CHARTS PATIENT’S RIGHTS/AGENCY POLICY  PATIENTS HAVE THE RIGHT TO THE INFO IN THEIR CHARTS.  THEY DO NOT HAVE THE RIGHT TO SEE THE CHART ON DEMAND OR REMOVE ANYTHING FROM THE CHART, OR REMOVE THE CHART FROM THE FACILITY.

Slide 14: ACCESS TO CHARTS WHO OWNS THE CHART A PATIENT’S CHART IS THE PROPERTY OF THE FACILITY. IT IS THE FACILITY WHICH SETS THE POLICY AND MAKES APPOINTMENTS FOR VIEWING OF THE CHART.

Slide 15: TYPES OF PATIENT RECORDS  SOURCE-ORIENTED  PROBLEM-ORIENTED

Slide 16: TYPES OF PATIENT RECORDS SOURCE ORIENTED MOST TRADITIONAL DIFFERENT DISCIPLINES CHART ON SEPARATE FORMS. EACH READER MUST CONSULT VARIOUS PARTS OF THE RECORD TO GET A COMPLETE PICTURE. RECORDS BECOMES BULKY.

Slide 17: TYPES OF PATIENT RECORDS PROBLEM ORIENTED  COMMONLY REFERRED TO AS POR.  ORGANIZED ACCORDING TO PROBLEM.  FOUR PARTS: A. DATA BASE. THE PATIENTS PRESENT HEALTH STATUS. B. PROBLEM LIST. NUMBERED LIST OF HEALTH PROBLEMS. C. INITIAL PLAN. PLAN TO HELP OVERCOME HEALTH PROBLEMS. D. PROGRESS NOTES. ALL DISCIPLINES CHART ON SAME PAGE.

Slide 18: METHODS (STYLES) OF CHARTING  NARRATIVE  SOAP SOAPIER  FOCUS DATA ACTION RESPONSE  PIE  EXCEPTION CHARTING

Slide 19: NARRATIVE CHRONOLOGICAL BASELINE CHARTED QSHIFT LENGTHY, TIME-CONSUMING SEPARATE PAGES FOR EACH SOURCE-ORIENTED

Slide 20: SOAP  USED FOR PROBLEM-ORIENTED CHARTS  S – SUBJECTIVE. WHAT PT TELLS YOU.  0 – OBJECTIVE. WHAT YOU OBSERVE, SEE.  A – ASSESSMENT. WHAT YOU THINK IS GOING ON BASED ON YOUR DATA.  P – PLAN. WHAT YOU ARE GOING TO DO. CAN ADD TO BETTER REFLECT NURSING PROCESS  I – INTERVENTION (SPECIFIC INTERVENTIONS IMPLEMENTED)  E – EVALUATION. PT RESPONSE TO INTERVENTIONS.  R – REVISION. CHANGES IN TREATMENT.

Slide 21: EXAMPLE OF SOAP CHARTING  #1 ALTERATION IN COMFORT. ABDOMINAL PAIN. S – COMPLAINS OF PAIN IN RUQ O – IS PALE AND HOLDING RIGHT SIDE A – RECURRING ABDOMINAL PAIN P – PUT ON NPO AND NOTIFY PHYSICIAN

Slide 22: FOCUS CHARTING  USES NARRATIVE DOCUMENTATION (DAR)  DATA – SUBJECTIVE OR OBJECTIVE THAT SUPPORTS THE FOCUS (CONCERN)  ACTION – NURSING INTERVENTION  RESPONSE – PT RESPONSE TO INTERVENTION

Slide 23: EXAMPLE OF FOCUS CHARTING  D – COMPLAINING OF PAIN AT INCISION SITE ON LEVEL OF #7  A – REPOSITIONED FOR COMFORT. DEMEROL 50MG IM GIVEN.  R – (CHARTED AT A LATER DATE.) STATES A DECREASE IN PAIN, “FEELS MUCH BETTER.”

Slide 24: PIE CHARTING Similar to SOAP charting Both are problem-oriented PIE comes from the Nursing Process, SOAP comes from a Medical Model. P-Problem I-Intervention E-Evaluation

Slide 25: SAMPLE OF PIE CHARTING  P#1 Risk for trauma related to dizziness.  IP#1 Instructed to call for assistance when getting OOB. Call light in reach.  EP#1 Consistently call for assistance before getting OOB. Continues to experience dizziness.

Slide 26: CHARTING BY EXCEPTION  USES FLOWSHEETS  EMPHASIS ON ABNORMAL (WHAT IS ABNORMAL FOR THIS PATIENT.  ALTHOUGH IT MAY BE ABNORMAL FOR THE “NORMAL” PERSON, IF IT IS ABNORMAL FOR YOUR PATIENT ON A CONSISTENT BASIS, IT IS NO LONGER CONSIDERED AN “EXCEPTION”.  ADVANTAGE

Slide 27: COMPUTERIZED CHARTING  PASSWORD. NEVER SHARE. CHANGE FREQUENTLY.  LEGIBLE  CAN BE VOICE-ACTIVATED, TOUCH-ACTIVATED.  DATE AND TIME AUTOMATICALLY RECORDED.  ABBREVIATIONS AND TERMS ARE SELECTED BY A MENU PROVIDED BY THE FACILITY.  TERMINALS ARE USUALLY EASILY ACCESSIBLE, IN PT ROOMS, CONVENIENT HALLWAY LOCATIONS.  MAKE SURE TERMINAL CANNOT BE VIEWED BY UNAUTHORIZED PERSONS.

Slide 28: KARDEX QUICK REFERENCE CHANGED AS NEEDED NOT PART OF PERMANENT RECORD

Slide 29: ABBREVIATIONS YOU MUST USE YOUR FACILITY’S APPROVED ABBREVIATIONS. BE AWARE THAT A LOT OF COMMONLY USED ABBREVIATIONS: EG. TID, BID, QOD, HS ARE NO LONGER ALLOWED AND SHOULD BE CURRENTLY BEING PHASED OUT OF YOUR FACILITY.

Slide 30: CHANGE OF SHIFT REPORT  PERSON TO PERSON  BE PREPARED  AVOID GOSSIP/SOCIALIZA TION  TAPE RECORDER

Slide 31: INCIDENT REPORTS  OBJECTIVE  DO NOT BLAME OR ADMIT LIABILITY  WHAT DID YOU DO?  DO NOT INCLUDE NAMES/ADDRESSES OF WITNESSES  DOCUMENT TIME/NAME OF DOCTOR  DO NOT FILE IN CHART  DO NOT WRITE “INCIDENT REPORT MADE”

Slide 32: CORRECTING ERRORS  IF YOU SPILL SOMETHING ON THE CHART, DO NOT DISCARD NOTES. RECOPY, PUT ORIGINAL AND COPIED SHEETS IN CHART. WRITE “COPIED” ON COPY.  DO NOT SCRIBBLE OUT CHARTING.  AVOID USING “ERROR” OR “WRONG PATIENT” WHEN MAKING CORRECTION.  FOLLOW YOUR FACILITIES POLICY.  DO NOT ALTER CHARTING, IT IS A LEGAL DOCUMENT.





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