Mnemonics, which simply means "memory aid" in Greek, is a quick and significant means to enhance your memorization skills. Unlike acronyms and other means of learning by association, using mnemonics is an effective way to remember hard to retain facts.
A common example is the order of the basic steps for resuscitation: ABCDE (airway, breathing, circulation, drugs, environment). Another example is this rhyme for treating a a person who has fainted: "If the face is red, raise the head. If the face is pale, raise the tail."
FEW EXAMPLES OF MEDICAL MNEMONICS:
Medical Mnemonics for HYPERKALEMIA is "Machine" - Causes of Increased Serum K+
M - Medications - ACE inhibitors, NSAIDS
A - Acidosis - Metabolic and respiratory
C - Cellular destruction - Burns, traumatic injury
H - Hypoaldosteronism, hemolysis
I - Intake - Excesssive
N - Nephrons, renal failure
E - Excretion - Impaired
Medical Mnemonics for Signs and Symptoms of Increased Serum K+ is "Murder"
M - Muscle weakness
U - Urine, oliguria, anuria
R- Respiratory distress
D - Decreased cardiac contractility
E - ECG changes
R - Reflexes, hyperreflexia, or areflexia (flaccid)
Medical Mnemonics for HYPERNATREMIA is "You Are Fried"
F - Fever (low grade), flushed skin
R - Restless (irritable)
I - Increased fluid retention and increased BP
E - Edema (peripheral and pitting)
D - Decreased urinary output, dry mouth
Can also use this one: SALT
S = Skin flushed
A = Agitation
L = Low-grade fever
T = Thirst
Medical mnemonics are very useful especially if you are in the medical field where there are lots of things that needs to be memorized.
Below are websites that I found to have tons of Medical Mnemonics.
This is the queen of all sites - a free, non-profit online searchable database of every single medical mnemonic you can imagine, and them some. What do they have mnemonics for? Everything: anatomy, anesthesiology, behavioral science/psych, biochemistry, biology, cardiology, chemistry, dermatology, embryrology, emergency medicine, epidemiology, gastroenterology, genetics, histology, immunology, internal medicine, family practice, physical assessment, microbiology, neurology/neurosciences, obstetrics/gynecology, orthopedics, pathology, pediatrics, pharmacology, physics, physiology, podiatry, psychiatry, radiology/oncology, rheumatology/allergy, surgery, urology/nephrology.
You can also download the entire thing to print out or save to your hard drive.
Another great resource, MD4Sure.com's has mnemonics concerning the basic sciences, medical conditions, etiologies, signs and symptoms, diagnoses, and therapies that can easily be remembered. They also have a handy list of medical acronyms and shorthand.
NursingHands.com has a nice collection of mnemonics covering human anatomy, assessment & diagnostics, nursing interventions, the circulatory system and other miscellaneous mnemonics designed to help nursing students.
-Medical Mnemonics Part 1
-Medical Mnemonics Part 2
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